Joseph and Thomas Gilbert of Buckingham, Bucks Co., PA

Last Update:  10/16/2013

Warning:  All information below is a best-effort on my part.  I cannot guarantee its accuracy,
                so as always, do your own research before believing what you read on the Internet. 

My seventh great grandfather Joseph Gilbert first appears in Bucks Co., PA on a tax list for Bensalem in 1693.   I've been unable to locate any earlier records for him in the county or on a ship's manifest indicating when he came to the colonies. 

In 1702, he purchased land in Buckingham, Bucks Co. where he and his family apparently settled at some point.   In his will dated 1707, he had wife Deborah and children Thomas, Mary and Sarah.   Deborah was Deborah Pearson, daughter of Edward Pearson and Sarah Burgess of Bucks Co.  There is a record in the Falls Monthly Meeting Quaker records stating that Deborah was reported to have "married out of unity"  which means Joseph was not a Quaker.   The entry has a date of 1/2/1704, but was probably recorded years after the marriage took place.  

Appearing in Bensalem in the same time frame as Joseph was a John Gilbert who is believed to have come from Cornwall, England and who was a staunch Quaker.   Joseph was not John's son, but recent DNA testing has shown a  descendant of John Gilbert's to be a match with two known descendants of Joseph Gilbert.   John and Joseph may have been brothers, uncle/nephew or cousins.   There is no documentation in Pennsylvania that gives any clue as to Joseph's year of birth.  All we know is that his wife Deborah was born in 1675 and he died in about 1710.  He of course could have been considerably older than she, so we can't draw any conclusions on his approximate year of birth.  It's quite possible that a Joseph Guilbert born in 1670 in St. Neot Cornwall could be this Joseph.  He was born to a Nicholas Guilbert, and Nicholas is a family name with the Gilbert line in Warminster, Bucks County which DNA also ties the Buckingham Gilberts to.   Note that this Joseph had brothers John and Samuel who could possibly be the Bensalem John Gilbert and the Warminster Samuel Gilbert patriarchs whom we know genetically Joseph was related to.   If they are these three brothers, however, then the long-standing belief that John Gilbert was the John Gilbert who was imprisoned for his Quaker beliefs in Cornwall, is not true as the ages are wrong.    And if that John wasn't the immigrant John, then we have lost all concrete ties to Cornwall to begin with.   This needs more study.  

Thomas Gilbert, son of Joseph and Deborah, was born about 1700.   In a deposition in Bucks County in 1781, he says that he's 81 years old.  Thomas lived out his life in Bucks County and can be found in many records there, including Buckingham Monthly Meeting records until he appears to have fallen out of favor with them in 1759 for "taking strong Drink to Excess."   In Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, he was referred to as a "best farmer" as he owned a farm cart/wagon before 1745.    The Quaker house he built and which was added onto several times is on the National Register.    Thomas probably died in 1783 as his will was proven on February 8, 1783. 

Here is a four generation family tree of Joseph and Deborah Gilbert as best I know it:

1 Joseph Gilbert b: probably Cornwall, England  d: Bef. December 17, 1710 in Buckingham, Bucks Co., PA
.. +Deborah Pearson b: October 25, 1675 in Pownall Fee, Cheshire, England d: Aft. 1710 in Bucks Co., PA
...... 2 Mary Gilbert b: Bef. 1707
...... 2 Thomas Gilbert b: abt. 1700 d: 1783 in Buckingham, Bucks Co., PA
.......... +Lydia White b: April 24, 1703 in Pennsylvania
.............. 3 Thomas Gilbert b: March 11, 1726 in Bucks Co., PA d: Abt. 1803 in Bucks Co., PA
.................. +Sarah b: December 12, 1734
...................... 4 Thomas Gilbert b: 1753
...................... 4 Lydia Gilbert b: 1754
.......................... +Jacob Walton
...................... 4 Joseph Gilbert b: 1757 Bucks Co., PA d: 1830 - 1840 Columbiana Co., OH
...................... 4 Jesse Gilbert b: 1759
.............. 3 Joseph Gilbert b: November 26, 1727 in Bucks Co., PA
.............. 3 Sarah Gilbert b: July 31, 1730 in Bucks Co., PA d: Bef. 1783
.................. +Unknown Hughes
...................... 4 Sarah Hughes
.............. 3 William Gilbert b: June 19, 1732 in Bucks Co., PA  d: in the Carolinas
.................. +Hannah Hutchins
...................... 4 Child Gilbert b: Bef. November 1757
.............. *2nd Wife of William Gilbert  d:  in the Carolinas
.................. +Mary Fenton
...................... 4 Lydia or Mary Gilbert
.............. 3 David Gilbert b: November 08, 1734 in Bucks Co., PA d: October 15, 1799
.................. +Sarah Bradshaw
...................... 4 Lydia Gilbert b: February 20, 1771 in Bucks Co., PA
.......................... +Rowland Ellis
...................... 4 Patience Gilbert b: July 15, 1772 in Bucks Co., PA
.......................... +Morris Heston
...................... 4 Sarah Gilbert b: May 16, 1774 in Bucks Co., PA
...................... 4 David Gilbert b: May 08, 1776 in Bucks Co., PA
.......................... +Joanne Stackhouse
...................... 4 James Gilbert b: September 01, 1777 in Bucks Co., PA
...................... 4 Amos Gilbert b: October 08, 1781 in Bucks Co., PA d. Sept. 24, 1805 Wrightstown Twp., Bucks Co. PA
.......................... +Latitia Canby b. 9 Aug 1780 Bucks Co., PA  d. 1858 Baltimore, MD
...................... 4 Sarah Gilbert b: October 29, 1781
.............. *2nd Wife of David Gilbert:
.................. +Elizabeth Church
.............. 3 Jonathan Gilbert b: March 22, 1737 in Buckingham, PA
.................. +Hanameel Cary b: February 09, 1746 in Bucks County, PA
...................... 4 Cary Gilbert b: March 15, 1766 d: November 1802 in Newberry County, SC
.......................... +Unknown Gary
...................... 4 Benjamin Gilbert b: February 22, 1769
...................... 4 Beulah Gilbert b: September 08, 1772
...................... 4 Hepzibah Gilbert b: August 24, 1774 in Lexington Co., SC
.......................... +John O'Neall b: March 16, 1773 in Ninety-Six District, SC d: 1822 in Newberry, Indiana
...................... 4 Achsah Gilbert b: February 22, 1780
.......................... +John Snelgrove
...................... 4 Jonathan Gilbert b: February 21, 1782 d: 1782
...................... 4 Mary Pearson Gilbert b: February 04, 1784 d: June 05, 1785
...................... 4 Thomas Gilbert b: October 26, 1785 d: October 27, 1785
.............. 3 Caleb C. Gilbert b: January 14, 1740 in Bucks Co., PA d: abt. 1806 in Newberry Co., SC
.................. +Ann d: 1815
...................... 4 Sarah Gilbert b: Bef. 1765 in Beaver Dam Creek, Newberry Co., SC
.......................... +Patrick McNeary
...................... 4 Thomas Gilbert b: Abt. 1772 in Newberry Co., SC d: January 20, 1835 in Limestone Co., AL
.......................... +Rebecca Gauntt b: November 01, 1776 d: September 09, 1816 in Newberry Co., SC
...................... *2nd Wife of Thomas Gilbert:
.......................... +Mary Gauntt b: Abt. 1776 d: March 10, 1848 prob. Limestone Co., AL
...................... 4 Joseph Gilbert b: Bet. 1774 - 1784 in Beaver Dam Creek, Newberry Co., SC d: April 12, 1819
.......................... +Zerrugen Davenport
...................... 4 Lydia Gilbert b: July 25, 1775 in Newberry Co., SC d: January 24, 1832 in Newberry Co., SC
.......................... +Israel Chandler b: March 25, 1770 d: March 13, 1829 in Newberry Co., SC
...................... 4 Synthia Gilbert b: May 04, 1785 in Beaver Dam Creek, Newberry Co., SC d: June 24, 1840 in Giles Co., TN
.......................... +John Reagin Jr. b: 1773 d: April 08, 1803 in Newberry County, SC
...................... *2nd Husband of Synthia Gilbert:
.......................... +Jacob Lewis d: 1825
...................... 4 Caleb Gilbert, Jr. b: Bet. 1784 - 1794 in Beaver Dam Creek, Newberry Co., SC d: 1815 in Newberry Co., SC
.......................... +Keziah Davenport
...................... 4 Ann Gilbert b: Aft. 1790 in Beaver Dam Creek, Newberry Co., SC
.............. 3 Joshua Gilbert b: May 03, 1742 in Bucks Co., PA d: Bef. 1783
.................. +Priscilla Shrigley
...................... 4 Samuel Gilbert b: Abt. 1772 d: October 07, 1823 in Bucks Co., PA
.............. 3 Daniel Gilbert b: January 22, 1746 in Bucks Co., PA d: January 01, 1747
...... 2 Sarah Gilbert b: Bef. 1707
.......... +Benjamin Stackhouse b: December 25, 1705 in Bucks Co., PA d: March 17, 1732 in Bucks Co., PA
.............. 3 Benjamin Stackhouse
.............. 3 Grace Stackhouse
...... *2nd Husband of Sarah Gilbert:
.......... +Unknown Roberts/Roberds